Visual Attention Research

composed by Zenon Pylyshyn (Center for Cognitive Science and Department of Psychology)

Acton, B. (1993). A network model of indexing and attention. M.A.Sc. Dissertation, Dept of Electrical Engineering, University of Western Ontario.

Acton B. & Eagleson, R. (1993). A neural network model of spatial indexing. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 34, 413 (abstract).

Avant, L.L. (1965). Vision in the Ganzfeld. Psychological Bulletin, 64, 246-258.

Ballard, D.H., Hayhoe, M.M., & Pook, P.K. (1995). Deictic codes for the embodiment of cognition. Behavioral and Brian Sciences, (in press).

Ballard, D.H., & Rao, R.P.N. (1994). Seeing behind occlusions. In Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), Stockholm, Sweden, p. 274-285.

Bridgeman, B., Van der Heijden, A.H.C. & Velichkovsky, B.M. (1994). A theory of visual stability across saccadic eye movements. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17(2), 247-292.

Burkell, J. (1988) Is colour change a primitive visual feature? MA Thesis, Dept of Psychology, University of Western Ontario.

Burkell, J.A., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1995). Searching through selected subsets of visual displays: A test of the FINST indexing Hypothesis. Submitted to Cognitive Psychology.

Cavanagh, P. (1990) Pursuing moving objects with attention. Proc 12th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Boston (P1046-1047). Hillsdale, NJ Erlbaum.

Dawson, M.R.W., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1989). Natural constraints in apparent motion. In Z.W. Pylyshyn (Ed.), Computational Processes in Human Vision: An interdisciplinary perspective. Norwood: Ablex Publishers.

Eagleson, R. (1991). Group-Theoretic Motion Analysis for the Coordination of Robotic Movement. In Active Perception and Robot Vision. A. Sood, editor. Springer NATO ASI Series, August 1991.

Eagleson, R., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). A computational model of a 2D (`FINST') tracking mechanism using spatio-temporal operators and a predictive filter. University of Western Ontario, Centre for Cognitive Science, Technical Report No. 38.

Eagleson, R, & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1991). The Role of Indexing and Tracking in Visual Motion Perception. Conference on Spatial Vision in Humans and Robots, York University, June 19-22, 1991.

Engelken Edward J, Stevens Kennith W. (1989). Saccadic eye movements in response to visual auditory and bisensory stimuli. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine V60(8) 762-768.

Enns, J., & Rensink, R. (1991). Preattentive recovery of three dimensional orientation from line drawings. Psychological Review, 198, 335 - 351.

Eriksen, C., & St. James, J. (1986). Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: A zoom lens model. Perception and Psychophysics, 40(4), 225-240.

Fisher, B.D., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1994). The Cognitive architecture of bimodal event perception: a commentary and addendum to Radeau (1994). Current Psychology of Cognition, 13(1), 92-96.

Fodor, J., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). Connectionism and cognitive architecture: A critical analysis. Cognition, 28, 3-71.

Goodale, M.A. (1988). Modularity in visuomotor control: From input to output. In Z.W. Pylyshyn (Ed.), Computational Processes in Human Vision: An interdisciplinary perspective. Norwood: N.J., Ablex.

Goodale, M.A. & Milner, A.D. (1992). Separate visual pathways for perception and action. Trends in Neuroscience, 15, 20-25.

Hikosaka, O., Miyauchi, S. & Shimojo, S. (1993a). Focal visual attention produces illusory temporal order and motion sensation. Vision Research, 33. 1219-1240.

Hikosaka, O., Miyauchi, S. & Shimojo, S. (1993b). Voluntary and stimulus-induced attention detected as motion sensation. Perception, 22, 517-526.

Howard, I.P. (1982). Human Visual Orientation. London: Wiley.

Intraub, H. Mangels, J., and Bender, R. (1992). Looking at pictures but remembering scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 180-191.

Hughes, H.C., & Reuter-Lorenz P.A. (1994). Visual-auditory interactions in sensorimotor processing: Saccades versus manual responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 20(1) 131-153

Intriligator, J. & Cavanagh, P. (1992). An object-specific spatial attentional facilitation that does not travel to adjacent spatial locations. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 33, 2849 (abstract).

Irwin, D.E. (1993). Perceiving an integrated visual world. In D.E. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds.), Attention and Performance XIV, (pp 121-143). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Irwin, D.E. (1995). Properties of Transsaccadic Memory: Implications for Scene Perception. Talk presented at Cambridge Basic Research. June 26, 1995 (abstract).

Irwin, D.E., McConkie, G.W., Carlson-Radvansky, L.A., & Currie, C. (1994), A localist evaluation solution for visual stability across saccades. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17, 265-266.

Jolicoeur, P. (1988). Curve tracing operations and the perception of spatial relations. In Z.W. Pylyshyn (Ed.), Computational Processes in Human Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Publishing.

Jonides, J. (1981). Voluntary versus automatic control over the mind's eye movement. In J.B. Long and A.D. Baddely (Eds.), Attention and Performance IX (pp. 187-203). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.

Perrott, David R.; Saberi, Kourosh; Brown, Kathleen; Strybel, Thomas Z. (1990) Auditory psychomotor coordination and visual search performance. Perception and Psychophysics, 48(3), 214-226

Pollatsek, A., & Rayner, K. (1992). What is integrated across fixations? In K. Rayner (Ed.), Eye Movements and visual cognition: Scene perception and reading. New York: Springer- Verlag.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1998). Visual indexes in spatial vision and imagery. Visual Attention. R. D. Wright. New York, Oxford University Press: 215-231.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1999). “Is vision continuous with cognition? The case for cognitive impenetrability of visual perception.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22(3): 341-423.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (2000). “Situating vision in the world.” Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4(5): 197-207.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (in press). “Visual indexes, preconceptual objects, and situated vision.” Cognition.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (in press). Is the imagery debate over? If so what was it about? In Cognition: a critical look. (Ed) E. Dupoux. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. (under review). “Mental Imagery: In search of a theory.” Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Pylyshyn, Z. W. and J. Cohen (1999). Imagined extrapolation of uniform motion is not continuous. Annual Conference of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, Investigative Opthalmology and Visual Science.


Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1994). Some primitive mechanisms of spatial attention. Cognition, 50, 363-384.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1991). The role of cognitive architecture in theories of cognition. In K. VanLehn (Ed.), Architectures for Intelligence. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1990). Computing in Cognitive Science. In M.I. Posner (Ed.), Foundations of Cognitive Science, Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1989). The role of location indexes in spatial perception: A sketch of the FINST spatial-index model. Cognition, 32, 65-97.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). "Here" and "There" in the visual field. In Z.W. Pylyshyn (Ed.), Computational Processes in Human Vision: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Publishing.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1981a). The imagery debate: Analogue media versus tacit knowledge. Psychological Review, 88, 16-45.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1981b). Psychological explanation and knowledge- dependent processes. Cognition, 10, 267-274.

Pylyshyn, Z., Burkell, J., Fisher, B., Sears, C., Schmidt, W. & Trick, L. (1994). Multiple parallel access in visual attention. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48(2), 260-283.

Pylyshyn, Z.W., & Storm, R.W. (1988). Tracking multiple independent targets: Evidence for a parallel tracking mechanism. Spatial Vision. 3(3), 1-19.

Radeau, M. (1994). “Auditory-visual spatial interaction and modularity.” Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive / Current Psychology of Cognition 13(1): 3-51.

Rensink, R. A. (2000). “The dynamic representation of scenes.” Visual Cognition 7: 17-42.

Rensink, R. A., J. K. O'Regan, et al. (1997). “To see or not to see: The need for attention to perceive changes in scenes.” Psychological Science 8(5): 368-373.

Rensink, R. A., J. K. O'Regan, et al. (2000). “On the failure to detect changes in scenes across brief interruptions.” Visual Cognition 7: 127-145.

Rock, I. (1983). The Logic of Perception. Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, a Bradford Book.

Rock, I., Ed. (1997). Indirect Perception. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Scholl, B. J. (in press). “Objects and attention: The state of the art.” Cognition.

Scholl, B. J. and A. M. Leslie (in press). Explaining infant's object concept: Beyond the perception/cognition dichotomy. Rutgers University Lectures in Cognitive Science. E. Lepore and Z. W. Pylyshyn. Oxford, Blackwell.

Scholl, B. J. and Z. W. Pylyshyn (1999). “Tracking multiple items through occlusion: Clues to visual objecthood.” Cognitive Psychology 38(2): 259-290.

Scholl, B. J., Z. W. Pylyshyn, et al. (submitted). “What is a visual object: Evidence from multiple-object tracking.” Cognition this issue.

Scholl, B. J., Z. W. Pylyshyn, et al. (1999). When are featural and spatiotemporal properties encoded as a result of attention allocation? (abstract). Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 39(4), S872, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science.

Scholl, B. J., Z. W. Pylyshyn, et al. (1999). “When are featural and spatiotemporal properties encoded as a result of attentional allocation?” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 40(4): 4195.

Scholl, B. J., Z. W. Pylyshyn, et al. (submitted). “The relationship between property-encoding and object-based attention: Evidence from multiple-object tracking.” .

Sears, C. R. and Z. W. Pylyshyn (2000). “Multiple object tracking and attentional processes.” Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology 54(1): 1-14.

Rock, I. (1983). The logic of perception. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Schmidt, W. C., Fisher, B. D., & Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1995). Multiple onset stimuli elicit illusory line motion. Submitted to the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Schmidt, W. C., & Pylyshyn, Z. W. (1993). An investigation of the role of auditory information in the smooth occulomotor system. Centre for Cognitive Science, University of Western Ontario, Technical Report: Cogmem 68.

Schmidt, W. C. (1995). Inhibition of return is not detected using illusory line motion. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 36(4), S373.

Sears, C. (1991). Spatial Indexing and Information Processing at Multiple Locations in the Visual Field. MA Dissertation, Dept of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.

Sears, C. (1995). Inhibition of return of visual attention and visual indexing. PhD Dissertation, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario.

Sears, C., Schmidt, W.C. & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1993). Negative priming in a localization task: Inhibition of distractor objects or distractor locations? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Brain, Behavior and Cognition Society, Toronto, Ontario.

Sears, C. & Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1992). Multiple object tracking and visual sensitivity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Brain, Behaviour, and Cognitive Science, Laval, Quebec. (Also University of Western Ontario Technical Report Series, Cogmem #67, 1993)

Sears, C.R.& Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1995). Multiple object tracking and attentional processing. Accepted for publication in the Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology.

Simon, T. & Vaishnavi, S. (1995). In afterimages, five is too many to count: Implications for the role of object individuation in visual enumeration. Submitted to Perception and Psychophysics.

Simons, D.J. (1995). In Sight, Out of Mind: Noticing Changes to Scenes. Talk presented at Cambridge Basic Research. June 26, 1995 (abstract).

Treisman, A. (1986). Features and objects in visual processing. Scientific American, 255(5), 114-125.

Treisman, A. (1988). Features and objects. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 40A, 201-237.

Trick, L. (1991). Three theories of enumeration that won't work and why, and then one that will: Subitizing, counting and spatial attention. In Nature and Origins of Mathematical Abilities, J. Campbell (ed). Elsevier Press.

Trick, L.M., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1993). What enumeration studies can show us about spatial attention: Evidence for limited capacity preattentive processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 19(2), 331-351.


Trick, L. M., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1994a). Why are small and large numbers enumerated differently? A limited capacity preattentive stage in vision. Psychological Review, 101(1), 1-23.

Trick, L., & Pylyshyn, Z. (1994b). Cueing and counting: Does the position of the attentional focus affect enumeration? Visual Cognition, 1(1), 67-100.

Ullman, S. (1984). Visual routines. Cognition, 18, 97-159.

Wright, R.D. (1994). Shifts of visual attention to multiple simultaneous location cues. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 48, 205-217.

Wright, R.D., and Dawson, M.R.W. (1987). Determinants of the speed of perceiving inside/outside spatial relations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association. (Abstract published in Canadian Psychology, 28(2a), 679)

Wright, R.D., and Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1988). Effects of figural size on the perception of inside/outside spatial relations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Canadian Psychological Association. (Abstract published in Canadian Psychology,
29(2a), #859).

Wynn, K. (1992). Addition and subtraction by human infants. Nature, 358, 749-750.

Yantis, S., & Jonides, J. (1984). Abrupt visual onsets and selective attention: Evidence from visual search. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 10, 601-621.

Yantis, S. (1992) Multielement visual tracking: Attention and perceptual organization. Cognitive Psychology, 24, 295-340.

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