What is Cognitive Science
Time and Experience
Sean D. Kelly
Thursday, September 30, 2004, 12:00pm - 07:00pm
Princeton University, Philosophy and Neuroscience
The experience of time is fundamental to all experience. Without it we could not perceive the length ofa note, the movement of a ball, the progression of a melody, or even the unity of an object. And yet it is a deep puzzle that we are able to experience time at all. For how is it possible to have experiences as of continuous, dynamic, temporally structured unified events given that we start with (what at least seems to be) a sequence of independent and static snapshots of the world at a time? This puzzle about temporal experience is not much discussed today, and it is different from more familiar problems that have been discussed by Bertrand Russell and Daniel Dennett. Still, philosophers have long known about the puzzle that I describe, and their theories about it break down into two groups: Specious Present Theories and Retention Theories. I show that neither of these approaches makes any progress on the puzzle, and that current neuroscientific work on time perception misses the point in similar ways. I conclude witha conceptual distinction which, if valid, will help us to make some progress.
"What is Cognitive Science?"
This lunchtime talks series is designed to introduce the University community to issues in Cognitive Science. Cognitive Science is one the the few fields where modern developments in computer science and artificial intelligence promise to shed light on classical problems in psychology and the philosophy of the mind. Ancient questions of how we see the world, understand language, and reason, and questions such as 'how a material system can know about the outside world', are being explored with the powerful new conceptual prosthetics of computer modeling.
Note: Talks are also announced by email (with reminders sent the day of the talk) to people who have requested to be placed on our announce list. If you would like to be added to our announce list, please email the Business Office (firstname.lastname@example.org).