Queens College, New York                            1968-1972  B.A.         1972   Psychology
      University of Maryland at College Park          1972-1978  Ph.D        1978   Psychology
      New York University, NY                             1978-1980 NRSA Postdoctoral fellow



      Elected fellow, AAAS, 2014.

      Davida Teller Award, Vision Sciences Society, 2013

      Elected fellow, Society for Experimental Psychologists, 2013

      Warren E. Susman Award for Teaching, 2009

      Elected fellow, Association for Psychological Science

      24th Swammerdam Lecturer, the Netherlands Academy of Sciences



       School of Graduate Studies, Rutgers University
                  Senior Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, 2009-present
                  Executive Board, Rutgers Center for Cognitive Science

       Department of Psychology, Rutgers University
                  Distinguished Professor, Department of Psychology, Rutgers University 2009-present
                  Professor, 1993 - 2009
                  Associate Professor, 1986 - 1993
                  Assistant Professor, 1980 - 1986

        Department of Psychology, N.Y.U. NIH Postdoctoral Fellow (NRSA), 1978 - 1980


PRESIDENT, Vision Sciences Society, 2021-2022;


ASSOCIATE EDITOR: Journal of Vision, January 2013-2017

SECTION EDITOR: Vision Research (Behavioral Physiology and visuomotor control) 1995-2004.

EDITORIAL BOARDS: Journal of Vision (2003-present), Cognitive Brain Research (2000-2004), Psychological Review (2010-2012)

STUDY SECTION MEMBER: Visual Sciences B, NIH, 1999-2003

OTHER: Executive Committee, Vision Sciences Society (2004); Nominating Committee, Vision Sciences Society (2008-9)



“REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) SITE: Perceptual science and perceptual technologies”.  (co-PI).  NSF:CISE. April, 2011-March, 2014.

“Perceptual-motor anticipation in individuals with autism spectrum disorder”.   (co-PI).  NJ Governor’s council.  Sept, 2010- June, 2013.

“Innovation through Institutional Integration:  Institutionalizing IGERT Innovations at Rutgers”        (co-PI).  NSF/DUE.  Sept, 2009-Sept 2015

“IGERT:  Interdisciplinary Training in Perceptual Science”.(PI)   NSF. (DGE-0549115) 2006-2015.

“Eye movements and vision” NIH/NEI, July 2004-June 2011

“Eye movements and vision”, NIH/NEI, ARRA supplement 2009-10.

Conference support grants, “Eye movements and vision in the natural world”, NSF, ONR , June, 2000-May, 2001.

 “Eye movements and visual scene memory”, NIMH predoctoral award sponsor for David Melcher.

"Interdisciplinary Training in Vision".  AASERT award, Department of Defense.  July, 1993 - June, 1996.

"Eye movements and visual information processing."  Air Force Office of Scientific Research 1981-2004



Kowler, E. (1990).  (Ed.) Eye Movements and their Role in Visual and Cognitive Process.  Volume 4 in Reviews of Oculomotor Research, Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam. 

Papathomas, T., Chubb, C., Gorea, A. and Kowler, E. (1995) (Eds.) Early Vision and Beyond.  MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.



Kowler, E., Erkelens, C.J. and Spekreijse, H. (2001) Eye Movements and Vision in the Natural World.  Special issue of Vision Research, Volume 41 (Nov-Dec).

Burr, D., Kowler, E., Reeves, A. and Verghese, P. (2004) Visual Attention.  Special issue of Vision Research, Volume 44 (June).

Martinez-Conde, S., Krauzlis, R., Miller, J., Morrone, C.M., Williams, D. and Kowler, E. (2008) Eye movements and the perception of a clear and stable world.  Special issue of Journal of Vision (volume 8, number 14), doi:10.1167/8.14.i.



Murphy, B. J., Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1975).  Slow oculomotor control in the presence of moving backgrounds.  Vision Research, 15, 1263-1268.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1977).  The role of small saccades in counting. Vision Research, 17, 141-146.

Kowler, E., Murphy, B. J. and Steinman, R. M. (1978).  Velocity matching during smooth pursuit of different targets on different backgrounds. Vision Research, 18, 603-605.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1979).  Miniature saccades:  Eye movements that do not count.  Vision Research, 19, 105-108.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1979).  The effect of expectations on slow oculomotor control--I: Periodic target steps.  Vision Research, 19, 619-632.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1979).  The effect of expectations on slow oculomotor control--II: Single target displacements.  Vision Research, 9, 633-646.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1980).  Small saccades serve no useful purpose.  Vision Research, 20, 273-276.

Kowler, E. and Sperling, G. (1980).  Transient stimulation does not aid visual search:  Implications for the role of saccades.  Perception and Psychophysics, 27, 1-10.

Kowler, E. and Steinman, R. M. (1981).  The effect of expectations on slow oculomotor control-III:  Guessing unpredictable target displacements. Vision Research, 21, 191-203.

Kowler, E. and Martins, A. J. (1982).  Eye movements of preschool children. Science, 215, 997-999.

Kowler, E. and Sperling, G. (1983).  Abrupt onsets do not aid visual search. Perception and Psychophysics, 34, 307-313.

Kowler, E. and Martins, A. J. (1983).  Eye movements of preschool children (Technical comment). Science, 222, 75-77.

Kowler, E., Martins, A. J., and Pavel, M. (1984).  The effect of expectations on slow oculomotor control--IV:  Anticipatory smooth eye movements depend on prior target motions.  Vision Research, 24, 197-210.

Kowler, E., van der Steen, J., Tamminga, E. P., and Collewijn, H. (1984). Voluntary selection of the target for smooth eye movements in the presence of superimposed, full-field stationary and moving stimuli, Vision Research, 24, 1789-1798.

Martins, A. J., Kowler, E. and Palmer, C. (1985).  Smooth pursuit of small amplitude sinusoidal motion.  Journal of the Optical Society of America, A, 2, 234-242.

Kowler, E., and Zingale, C. (1985).  Smooth eye movements as indicators of selective attention.  In  M.I. Posner, & O.S.M. Marin.  Attention and Performance XI.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 

Kowler, E. and Anton, S. (1987).  Reading twisted text:  Implications for the role of saccades. Vision Research, 27, 45-60.

Kowler, E. and McKee, S. M. (1987).  Sensitivity smooth eye movements to small differences in target velocity.  Vision Research, 27, 993-1015.

Zingale, C. and Kowler, E. (1987).  Planning sequences of saccades.  Vision Research, 27, 1327-1341.

Khurana, B. and Kowler, E. (1987).  Shared attentional control of smooth eye movements and perception. Vision Research, 27, 1603-1618.

He, P. and Kowler, E. (1989).  The role of location probability in the programming of saccades: Implications for "center-of-gravity" tendencies.  Vision Research, 29, 1165-1181.

Kowler, E. (1989).  Cognitive expectations, not habits, control anticipatory smooth oculomotor pursuit. Vision Research, 29, 1049-1057.

Kowler, E. (1990).  The role of visual and cognitive processes in the control of eye movement. In E. Kowler.  Eye Movements and Their Role in Visual and Cognitive Processes. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Steinman, R.M., Kowler, E. and Collewijn, H. (1990).  New directions for oculomotor research. Vision Research, 30, 1845-1864.

Kowler, E. (1991).  The stability of gaze and its implications for vision.  In  R.H.S. Carpenter.   Eye Movements (Volume  9 of Vision and Visual Dysfunction).  London: Macmillan Press

He P. and Kowler, E. (1991).  Saccadic localization of eccentric forms. Journal of the Optical Society of America, A, 8, 440-449.

Kowler, E., Pizlo, Z., Zhu, G.L., Erkelens, C., Steinman, R.M., and Collewijn, H. (1991).  Coordination of head and eyes during the performance of natural (and unnatural) visual tasks.  In  A. Berthoz, W. Graf, and P.P. Vidal.  The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System.  N.Y.:  Oxford University Press.

Collewijn, H., Steinman, R.M., Erkelens, C.J., Pizlo, Z., Kowler, E., and Van der Steen, J. (1992). Binocular gaze control under free-head conditions.  In H. Shimazu and Y. Shinoda.  Vestibular and Brain Stem Control of Eye, Head and Body Movements. Basel:  Karger.  

He, P. and Kowler, E. (1992).  The role of saccades in the perception of texture patterns.  Vision Research, 32, 2151-2163.

Epelboim, J. and Kowler, E. (1993).  Slow control with eccentric targets: Evidence against a position-corrective model.  Vision Research, 33, 361-380. 

Kowler, E. and Blaser, E. (1995) The accuracy and precision of saccades to small and large targets.  Vision Research, 35, 1741-1754.

Kowler, E., Anderson, E., Dosher, B. and Blaser, E. (1995) The role of attention in the programming of saccades.  Vision Research, 35, 1897-1916.

Epelboim, J., Steinman, R.M., Kowler, E., Edwards, M., Pizlo, Z., Erkelens, C.J. and Collewijn, H. (1995) The function of visual search and memory in sequential looking tasks.  Vision Research, 35, 3401-3422.

Epelboim, J., Kowler, E., Steinman, R.M., Collewijn, H., Erkelens, C.J., and Pizlo, Z. (1995) When push comes to shove:  Compensation for passive perturbations of the head during natural gaze shifts.  Journal of Vestibular Research, 5, 421-442.

Kowler, E. (1995) Cogito ergo moveo:  Cognitive control of eye movement.  In M. Landy, L. Maloney and M. Pavel.   Exploratory Vision: The active eye.  N.Y.:  Springer-Verlag.  Pp. 51-77.

Kowler, E. (1995) Eye movement.  In S. Kosslyn.    Invitation to Cognitive Science, Vol. 2. .  Cambridge:  MIT Press.

Epelboim, J., Steinman, R.M., Kowler, E., Pizlo, Z., Erkelens, C.J., and Collewijn, H. (1997) Gaze shift dynamics in two kinds of sequential looking tasks.  Vision Research, 37, 2597-2607.

McGowan, J., Kowler, E., Sharma, A. and Chubb, C.  (1998) Saccadic localization of random dot targets.  Vision Research, 38, 895-909.

Bahcall, D.O. and Kowler, E.  (1999) Attentional interference at small spatial separations. Vision Research, 39, 71-86.

Kowler, E. (1999)   Eye movements and visual attention.  In:  MIT Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science.  Cambridge: MIT Press.

Melcher, D. and Kowler, E. (1999)  Shape, surfaces and saccades. Vision Research, 39, 2929-2946.

Bahcall, D.O. and Kowler, E. (1999)  Illusory shifts in perceived visual direction accompany adaptation of saccadic eye movements.  Nature, 400, 864-866.

Bahcall, D.O. and Kowler, E. (2000) The control of saccadic adaptation:  Implications for the scanning of natural visual scenes.  Vision Research, 40, 2779-2796.

Vishwanath, D., Kowler, E. and Feldman, J. (2000) Saccadic localization of occluded targets.  Vision Research, 40, 2797-2811.

Melcher, D. and Kowler, E. (2001) Visual scene memory and the guidance of saccadic eye movements.  Vision Research, 41, 3597-3611.

Araujo, C., Kowler, E. and Pavel, M. (2001) Eye movements during visual search:  The costs of choosing the optimal path.  Vision Research, 41, 3613-3625.

Vishwanath, D. and Kowler, E. (2003) Localization of shapes:  Eye movements and perception compared.  Vision Research, 43, 1637-1653. 

Vishwanath, D. and Kowler, E. (2004) Saccadic localization of shapes in the presence of cues to 3- dimensional shape .  Journal of Vision, 4, 445-458 (

Gersch, T.M., Kowler, E. and Dosher, B. (2004) Dynamic allocation of attention during sequences of saccades. Vision Research, 44, 1469-1483.

Denisova, K., Singh, M., and Kowler, E. (2006) The role of part structure in the perceptual localization of shape.  Perception, 35, 1073-1087.

Schnitzer, B.S. and Kowler, E. (2006) Eye movements during multiple readings of the same text.  Vision Research, 46, 1611-1632.

Kowler, E. (2006)  The basis of a saccadic decision:  what we can learn from visual search and visual attention.  In Seeing Spatial Form. (Editors M.R.M. Jenkins and L.R. Harris).  NY: Oxford University Press.  (pp. 169-186).

Cohen, E.H., Schnitzer, B.S, Gersch, T.M., Singh, M., and Kowler, E. (2007) The relationship between spatial pooling and attention in saccadic and perceptual tasks.  Vision Research, 47, 1907-1923. PMC2736607

Kowler, E. (2008) Attention and eye movements.  In: New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience.  (Editor, L. Squire; Volume Editor, R. Krauzlis).  Amsterdam: Elsevier.  Pp. 605-616. ( ISBN-13: 978-0-08-045046-9; see:

Collewijn, H. and Kowler, E.  (2008) The significance of microsaccades for vision and oculomotor control.  Journal of Vision, 8(14):20, 1-21. (, doi:10.1167/8.14.20)

Gersch, T.M., Kowler, E., Schnitzer, B.S., and Dosher, B.  (2008) Visual memory during pauses between successive saccades.  Journal of Vision, 8(16):16, 1-18.  (, doi:10.1167/8.16.15)

 Gersch, T.M., Kowler, E., Schnitzer, B.S., and Dosher, B. (2009) Attention during sequences of saccades along marked and memorized paths.  Vision Research, 49, 1256-1266. PMC3516297

Wilder, J.D., Kowler, E., Schnitzer, B.S., Gersch, T.M., and Dosher, B.A. (2009)  Attention during active visual tasks:  Counting, pointing and simply looking.  Vision Research, 49, 1017-1031. PMC2744585

Kowler, E. and Collewijn, H. (2010) Eye movements:  Behavior.  In Sage Encyclopedia of Perception.

Wu, C-C., Kwon, O-S., and Kowler, E. (2010) Fitts’s Law and speed/accuracy trade-offs during sequences of saccades:  Implications for strategies of saccadic planning.  Vision Research, 50, 2142-2157. PMC2949070.

Kowler E. and  Collewijn H.  (2010) The eye on the needle (news and views). Nature  Neuroscience, 13(12), 1443-1444.

Kibbe M.M. and Kowler E. (2011) Visual search for category sets:  Tradeoffs between exploration and memory.  Journal of Vision, 11(3), 14, 1-21. doi: 10.1167/11.3.14.

Kowler E. (2011) Eye movements: The past 25 years  Vision Research (special 50th anniversary issue; invited review), 51, 1457-1483.  PMC3094591.

Santos, E.M., Gnang, E.K. & Kowler, E. (2012) Anticipatory smooth eye movements with random dot kinematograms.  Journal of Vision, 12 (11): 1, 1-20.  doi: 10.1167/12.11.1.

Zhao, M., Gersch, T.M., Schnitzer, B.S., Dosher, B.A., & Kowler, E. (2012) Eye movements and attention:  The role of pre-saccadic shifts of attention in perception, memory and the control of saccades.  Vision Research, 74, 40-60.

Ross, N.M. & Kowler, E. (2013) Eye movements while viewing narrated, captioned and silent videos.  Journal of Vision, 13(4): 1, 1-19. doi: 10.1167/13.4.1.

Kowler, E. & Pavel, M. (2013) Strategies of saccadic planning.  In:  Human Information Processing:  Vision, Memory and Attention.  (Editors C. Chubb, B.A. Dosher, Z-L. Lu & R.M. Shiffrin).  Washington DC: APA Press.  pp 133-147.

Wu, C-C & Kowler, E. (2013) Timing of saccadic eye movements during visual search for multiple targets.  Journal of Vision. 13(11). doi:pii: 11. 10.1167/13.11.11.

Aitkin, C.D., Santos, E. & Kowler, E. (2013) Anticipatory smooth eye movements in autism spectrum disorder.  PLoS One. 8(12):e83230, 1-11.

Kowler, E., Aitkin, C.D., Ross, N.M., Santos, E.M. & Zhao, M. (2014).  Davida  Teller Award Lecture: The importance of prediction and anticipation in the control of smooth pursuit eye movements.  Journal of Vision, 14(5):10, 1-16.  doi 10.1167/14.5.10

Santos, E.M. & Kowler, E. (2017)  Anticipatory smooth eye movements evoked by probabilistic cues. Journal of Vision, 17(13), 1-16. doi:10.1167/17.13.13

Rubinstein, J.F. & Kowler, E. (2018) The role of implicit perceptual-motor costs in the integration of information across graph and text. Journal of Vision, 18(13):16. 1-18, doi:10.1167/18.13.16

Kowler, E., Rubinstein, J.F., Santos, E.M., & Wang, J (2019) Predictive smooth pursuit eye movements. Annual Review of Vision Science, 5, 223-246.

Wang, J. & Kowler, E. (2021). Micropursuit and the control of attention and eye movements in dynamic environments. Journal of Vision (2021) 21(8):6, 1–27